ONE PIECE, DECORATOR
HOW TO BUILD A
BEAUTIFUL ONE PIECE
GARAGE DOOR USING
AMERICAN SERIES HARDWARE
FRAMING MATERIAL: Wood frame shall have stiles and rails of Douglas Fir, construction grade, or suitable equal material.
CONSTRUCTION: Construction shall consist of 2" x 4" top and bottom rails and 2" x 4" verticle stiles. (2" x 3"s may also be used)
SPACING OF RAILS AND STILES:
For application of PLYWOOD FACING, a framing design shall consist of seven verticle nailing pieces including end stiles, top and bottom rails and horizontal blocking between stiles running the width of the door to form twelve sections. Horizontal pieces must be in contact with verticle members where they meet.
NAILING OF FRAME:
A combination of end nailing with 16d nails and toe nailing should be used at all points where horizontal and verticle frame members intersect. In cases where two members butt up against each side of an intersecting member, at least one member shall be nailed.
DOUBLE DOOR: The standard double garage door opening is normally at least 15' 6" wide between the jambs, but not more that 16' wide between the jambs. Minimum clearance from the leading edges of the garage door to the sides of the jambs, should be about up to a 1/2" on each side. For example if the actual opening is 16' wide the door can be built 15' 11". The maximum standard opening height does not normally exceed 7' 0".
SINGLE DOOR: The typical size for a single door is 8' in width. The maximum standard opening height of 7' 0" also applies to singles doors. Side clearances with 1/2" side gaps on each side also apply to single doors as well.
OVERSIZE DOOR: Sometimes there may be a need for an oversized garage door. If building a garage door with an oversized width, be sure not to exceed the hardware weight rating. Typical oversized heights for residential doors are 7' 6" and 8' 0". The same side clearance requirements still apply to oversized garage doors. The width for oversized one piece garage doors can be as wide as the lumber allows. One piece garage doors can be built in odd heights as well. For example: 7' 3" or any other incremental height as long as you are within the garage door hardware specifications.
Plywood 3/8" exterior grade
Normally nailed six inches on center around edges, and eight inches on center along intermediates with 4d to 8d finish nails, depending on the plywood thickness used. If decorative moldings are placed on the door, 4d to 8d finish nails will also apply depending on the thickness of the molding used. Aluminum or Galvanized nails are a good choice for exterior finishes. Staples with the equal holding power are also feasable.
PLYWOOD EDGES SHOULD BE PROTECTED AGAINST SPLINTERING AND PLY SEPARATION BY SETTING BACK 1/4" FROM BOTTOM EDGE OF FRAME.
It is strongly recommened to follow the hardware manufacturers weight and spring ratings. This will provide for proper safe operation , in addition to a longer hardware service life.
Doors inexcess of 10' wide should have Truss Rods installed on both the top and bottom rails of the door. These Truss Rods can be mounted with the proper brackets or a Truss Rod Mounting Kit. Truss Rods mount on the ends and center of the top and bottom rails of the door.
As an option, Weatherstrip can be mounted on the bottom of the door itself and on the back of the jambs for side sealing.